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Paolo Meneghelli

Hello! I am Paul and my passion, as you can see from the photo, is the fishing. I work the lakes and the rivers from when I six years and the techniques I have tried, more or less, (almost) all. Since 1999, living with the "fever" of carp fishing, which is still "my" technique. Working in the world of fishing since 2001, first as a reporter and editor for the tested Fish for Carp, Fishing, Carp Fishing Magazine Carp Fishing Mania, then as editor of the monthly Carp Fishing Top. Today I work as a full-time SportIT, where I take care of everything related to our wonderful passion. If you want to contact me, for info but also to give me tips on how to improve our website, write to the mail!

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How to Choose Boilies From Carp Fishing

Bait: instructions for use (for choice), which is a small guide to help you choose the lures carp fishing without making a mistake.

Premise: in the choice of bait for carp fishing, and more particularly of the bait, not you have to fall in the error to find that “final”, i.e. the one that works always, anywhere and anyway.

Not the never find: the carp, as humans, react to stimuli in a different way (each is different from the other), depending on the season and the environment.

Expect then to find the bait “philosopher's” is absurd: especially if we are in the beginning, this could lead to a frantic search for what does not exist, and to a rapid loss of motivation and certainty.

Figured this out in the next few lines do a small overview on the bait, or the bait that to some extent the “damage” the image to the carp fishing, showing the specific characteristics that differentiate one from the other.

boilies da carp fishing
First of all: what is a bait? In simple words, it is a bait, consisting of a set of flour mixed with eggs and spices.

It is a direct descendant of the porridges and batters only that is... solid.

It was this quality to bring to his birth: the carp fishing england, in the years ‘60 and ‘70, they realized the need of a bait in the form of a mixture, which, however, hold out the attack of the smaller fish (was therefore more grip on the hook,) and, above all, to launch strong.

The pioneers did nothing to add some egg to the dough of cornmeal and cook for a few minutes: once dry, the dough was ready to be triggered.

Then, we must clear the air the field from a common place: the bait is the emblem of the carp fishing but it is not born with the carp fishing modern, for instance the one in which the bait you put on the hair. Goes back a long time before.

Then, the form: “bait the same round shape” is an equation, true, but not always, because the spherical shape is perfect, as we see in the balls on the shelves of stores, has become the “norm” only after the commercial development of carp fishing, as a direct response to the need of feeding at the distances longer and longer and longer (through the so-called “cobra,” or sticks bent with which to launch the bait to the fishing spot).

Put some bollard “historical”, let's go back to the present and let's see what “balls” are in the trade.

boilies affondanti
Divide it schematically, the first to see them one by one (also illustrating the English words that describe them), the bait in the trade. The categories in which are divided are basically two:

- Bait affondanti;
- Bait pop-up;

In turn, the categories include subcategories due to the various characteristics of the bait itself:

- Bait wafter;
- Bait dumbell;
- Bait, artificial;
- Bait frozen (present almost exclusively in the United Kingdom);
- Bait self-made.

In English are defined as bottom bait, or “baits”. Cover, in practice, 90 percent of the european market of the bait.

Are, for instance, those found in the normal bags.

They have the peculiarity to sink and rest on the bottom once in the water, so they are ideal not only for priming but also for baiting.

boilies pop-up
To pop , in English, means “take a leap”: the baits pop-ups are then the ones that... float.

Sometimes, we can also be found under the heading floating hookbait, but the term most used is “pop-up”.

Are mainly lures to put on the hair rig as a trigger, and are not good for feeding (float!).

We have it on the market in different diameters, colors, and aromatizzazioni.

Their effectiveness is due precisely to their being floating, and then to the stimulus caused in the fish by their attitude that's totally different from what there is on the bottom (remember that the carp is a very curious fish).

Can be used individually or in combination to bait affondanti to make the “men of snow” (snowman): the pop-up, start-over, it reduces the fact, and makes more effective the trigger in the moment when the fish sucks it.

Now let's see the features of “accessory” that can cover the balls affondanti, the pop-up , or both.

boilies wafter
Are baits pop-up to all the effects, but... they float less.

If the launch into the water, dangling from the hook, we realize that the wafter tend to come to the surface, but they are not “exuberant” as the pop-up real.

The effect is intentional: they are, in fact, the bait chosen by those who want to create the so-called “triggers balanced”, that triggers when the bait attached to the hair rig, is slightly suspended, a few millimeters from the bottom, held down only by the weight of the hook.

In England are much used, and vice versa in the carp fishing so-called “continental” are taking place only for a short time.

A “dumbell” can be both in fact, both pop-up and wafter. The English word, virtually untranslatable, if not with a little stylish “ball clumsy”, in fact, indicates the shape of the bait, which is not spherical but cylindrical.

On the market are mainly pop-ups and wafter to have this form, even if, lately, are appearing on the shelves of the shops also the dumbell bottom bait non-spherical.

boilies dumbell
In English, fake baits, artificial lures. Appeared on the market five years ago, followed initially by a lot of skepticism.

In fact, it is the bait silicone. Artificial, pop-up or affondanti (or slow sinking, which means less “float” wafter).

Are used, especially in situations where the presence of turtles, shrimp, and odds and ends threatening the baits “true”: these animals are, in fact, they are greedy of our baits, and in water, well-populated, we could not keep in water a trigger for more than 10 minutes without being mauled and “finished”.

Artificial lures, not releasing smell and, above all, having elastic consistency, resisting the attack of these “jammers”.

The demand of the neophyte is raised: how can a decoy to fake it, that does not release baits, catch fish?

First of all, let us remember that the carp is a fish curious and, unlike a human, has hands to “touch” something that stimulates him, but is forced to breathe with the mouth.

Second, if we observe the carp to eat, we realize that it is not so much the trigger to capture, but the groundbait.

If we get in the spot the carp thanks to groundbait, pellet, artificial is eaten exactly as if it were a bait true, of those launched around the trigger to attract fish.

On the market there are also bait artificial flavored or “dippate”, which is immersed in a liquid attractant: for the neophyte that does not fidasse, at least initially, of a bait that does not release odours, these are the best choice.

boilies frozen
Literally, “the bait-iced”. We talk about it for the sake of completeness, but the product is not related to the Italian market.

The bait frozen are balls that do not have preservatives and are then stored in the freezer, as if they were frozen for human consumption.

In England they are perhaps the lures used, also to “blame” for the small rooms and the ultra-competitive that are found in fish for the angler of the English. In our Country, are practically impossible to find.

This is the bait made in house. You take the flour, mix in eggs and spices, everything is cooked and then wait for drying: if you want to know 100 percent what does a bait have to “hear from himself”.

We can do affondanti or pop-up: in the market there are also mix already ready we need only add eggs and spices to get the baits is “custom”.

To facilitate the purchase, we explore below three aspects on which newcomers to the technique may find some difficulty.

In particular, we make a small translation from the English of aromas, the most used, and then talk about the grain sizes and diameters.

boilies dumbell
If twenty years ago, the tastes are available in the trade were 5 or 6, today there are hundreds.

The evolution of carp fishing at a commercial level, has meant that the coalition of new flavours and new fragrances, and it is not difficult to “get lost” to someone who has just approached this technique. Here are the spices most used with its translation:

- Pineapple: pineapple;
- Strawberry: strawberry;
- Peach: peach;
- Mulberry: blackberry;
- Coconut: coconut;
- Spice, spicy: spices;
- Chocolate: chocolate;
- Cream: cream;
- Scopex: term untranslatable, it is a aroma, creamy, reminiscent of the smell of the melted butter;
- Coconut: coconut;
- Squid: squid;
- Crab: crab;
- Krill: shrimp (a special type of micro-shrimp that swims in the cold waters of the oceans);
- Belachan: shrimp (tiny);
- Halibut is a fish that lives in the seas of the north;
- Butyric acid butyric (very reminiscent of the scopex);
- Robin the red: spicy aroma;
- Garlic: garlic;
- Nut or peanut: peanut;
- Glm or green lipped mussel: mussel of fresh water;
- Tuttifrutti: the name says it, is the fruity taste for excellence.

Many carp anglers argue, for example, that the fruity flavours work better in winter while those at the fish should not be used in cold waters because they are not attractive because of the oils.

The reality is that the aroma of the bait counts, but not in relation to the season, but to many other parameters, including the composition of the seabed and the pH of the water. They are, however, talks very complex, for which it would take the space of a book.

boilies in acqua
We will face the case: on the shelves of the shops there is a bait that is equal to the other.

For example, some are so perfect and smooth as to seem fake, while others are even square and porous.

Everything is in the particle size, and in the ingredients that determine it.

If a company uses flour, micronized, or reduced to powder very thin, you get balls compact, smooth, much more similar to the artificial bait that the balls “true”.

On the contrary, if the flours are coarse, and do not chop, you will get balls from the texture more porous and rough. What differences are there?

The bait with texture more porous and absorb more quickly the water, then transmit it faster their “message” is attractive compared to those with texture micronized.

At the same time, however, absorb water quickly and become soft more quickly: we need to take into account, especially if we need to keep the bait submerged in water for many hours.

Some lures on the market are the seeds in the dough: their task is precisely to “break” the continuity and “speed up” the entry into fishing bait.

boilies granulometria fine
From 8 to 30: are the mm which is a characteristic of most of the bait in the trade.

The diameter must be chosen according to different needs, which we simplify below, schematically:

- 8-10-12 mm: bait very small, are used for the approaches “refined” with a little love and pasturazioni with grains and micro-grains. The right choice in winter, when the metabolism of the carp will slow down and a bite to the small may attract them to eat more of a coarse bait;
- 14-16-18 mm: is the standard of fishing in a quarry, it comes to balls small and medium-sized which you can make beds of groundbait. The 18 millimeters, having more mass, they fly farther if thrown with the cobra. The choice for “all purpose” but pay duty in case of the presence of odds and ends and other animal jammers that can knock out the bait. Their small size allow them to do as well as the big voice even in the winter;
- 20-22 mm: it grows in diameter, grow up environments. The 20 mm are the most widely used in trade because they allow us to deal with both the quarry and the great lake. In addition, with a good cobra and a arm in shape, and can be launched at more than 100 metres from the shore. Perfect in all seasons, in winter they lose a little ground in favour of 14 millimetres;
- 24-28-30 mm: not all of the companies in the market, in particular those of the English. It is, in fact, baits that are born from a need for “the continental”, for fishing in the big waters and big carp. A ball big, in fact, need a big mouth to be swallowed-which is why the bait of these diameters are defined as “balls” selection. In addition, they are used in great waters because they will withstand longer in water without deteriorating, both because of the absorption of the liquid, both due to the intervention of the fishes of the disorder.

To make it even easier the choice, let's try to make a summary of the choice of the bait according to the seasons, and environments.

As already mentioned, does not suggest aromatizzazioni, the choice of which can not be placed within the established parameters.

Quarry, winter: bait by 10 millimeters to a maximum of 14;
Quarry, spring-autumn: bait from 14 to 20 mm;
Cava, summer: bait 18 to 22 mm, 24 in the case of very strong presence of odds and ends;

The big lake, winter: bait from 14 to 18 millimeters;
The big lake, the spring-autumn: bait 20 to 24 millimeters, to choose from in relation to the size of the odds and ends;
Great lake, summer: bait from 24-30 mm;

River: they are generally bait from 20-22 mm. The current makes it all the more difficult because it forces us to split in two the bait if we want to resist on the bottom of the drag of the water. In the case of fishing in the laps of the water, where the current is almost stationary on the bottom, we can “get off” on balls to 14 mm, in particular in winter.
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